El Fin de los Montioc
El Fin de los Montioc, published in 1985, was a book of difficult classification from the beginning: neither literature nor ethnography. Too many descriptions of parties, fishing, iguanas, to be a book of oral tradition; too many non-huave texts to be a faithful portrait of an autochthonous culture; too many personal narrations and digressions to be scientific anthropology. However, the publication was very successful among the following generations of researchers and, encouragingly, among Huave teachers and scholars, now interested in a tradition previously deplored. The narrative force of the stories allowed to be given the most diverse uses: musicians who reused the parliaments of the turtle, poets who call the soul in the manner of the huaves, doctors who analyze the rabbit syndrome, ecologists who always associated the rain with fishing.
Nothing was ever the same after the 1994 Zapatista uprising. There was an absolute change - or a reinforcement - in the consciousness of all the indigenous people of the country, of all the social scientists and institutions occupied with them, of all the militants of the left. Alcozauca, Juchitán, and other struggles became antecedents of a process that led to the Zapatista rupture. They arrived in San Mateo since the last decades of feminism, COZ, PRI, teachers, evangelicals, militants, ecologists, agraristas, indigenistas, marches of the land and wind. We witness here changes, persistences, resistances and previous forgetting. Now the outside has gone in, the inside has left: the interests and the inhabitants have mixed in all kinds of mestizajes and militancias. The predominantly agnostic tone that allowed the invoice of this book gave way to the vindication and reinforcement of the ethnic identity, the political struggles and, consequently, to own programs and investigations. This is how it is: cyclical. Alternate periods of openness, ethnicity, despair, resurgence, impasse.
In this light, the book has its place as a moment in the history of St. Matthew and also in the history of ethnology as a reflection of the ways of inquiring, using or appropriating cultures, whether they be their own or those of others. They are starting from here the persistence and dispersion, the resistance or the disappearance of fragments of culture. Also the emergence of identity and language as hope and as a commodity, as a privilege and as a use value.
Alias / Antithesis, 2018
16 x 23.5 cm